Impact of AI on society in the next 5 years

The Potential Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Global Society Over the Next Five Years

Abstract: Artificial intelligence (AI) is advancing rapidly, transforming various aspects of society, including healthcare, transportation, education, finance, and beyond. This research article explores the potential impacts of AI on global society over the next five years, drawing on academic sources and recent expert commentary. We discuss the benefits of AI, such as improved efficiency, decision-making, and productivity, as well as potential drawbacks, including threats to human autonomy, job displacement, and ethical concerns. The article highlights the importance of striking a balance between innovation and ethical considerations to maximize the positive societal impact of AI.


Artificial intelligence, which enables machines to perform advanced human-like functions, is promising breakthroughs across society [1]. As AI adoption and absorption grow, it has the potential to deliver additional global economic activity of around $13 trillion by 2030 [3]. However, with these advancements come significant challenges, such as threats to human autonomy, job displacement, and ethical concerns [4]. This article explores the potential impacts of AI on global society over the next five years, drawing on academic sources and expert commentary.

Benefits of AI

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become an essential part of modern society, with transformative potential in various sectors. Over the next five years, AI is expected to offer numerous benefits to society, including increased economic activity, productivity growth, the creation of new jobs, improved quality of life, and better decision-making.

AI will Boost the Economy and Productivity

  1. Increased Economic Activity: AI is predicted to contribute significantly to global economic activity, with the potential to generate an additional $13 trillion in global economic activity by 2030[1]. This amounts to 1.2% additional GDP growth per year. The adoption of AI technologies, such as computer vision, natural language processing, virtual assistants, robotic process automation, and advanced machine learning, will play a crucial role in realizing these benefits.
  2. Enhanced Productivity Growth: AI-driven productivity growth is influenced by a number of factors, including labor automation, innovation, and new competition[1]. AI’s contribution to growth could be three or more times higher by 2030 than it is over the next five years. The adoption and absorption of AI technologies will lead to an S-curve pattern, with an initial slow start due to the costs and investment required, followed by an acceleration driven by competition and improvements in complementary capabilities.
  3. Creation of New Jobs: While the adoption of AI will lead to a shift in the demand for jobs, the overall impact on net employment might not be significant. AI has the potential to augment employment by about 5% by 2030, with new jobs created to replace old ones, adjusted for a lower labor-output ratio that considers the likely labor-saving nature of AI technologies[1]. Demand for jobs will likely shift away from repetitive tasks toward those requiring more digital and cognitive skills.
  4. Better Decision-Making: AI can help organizations and individuals make better decisions by analyzing large amounts of data and extracting valuable insights. This can be applied to various sectors, such as finance, where AI can assist in detecting fraud or predicting market trends; agriculture, where AI can optimize crop yields and resource management; and environmental management, where AI can aid in climate change mitigation strategies and natural disaster response.

AI to improve Health and Mental Wellbeing

  1. Healthcare & Diagnostics: By applying AI to fields like diagnostics, treatment planning, and drug discovery, healthcare professionals can make more accurate decisions, leading to improved patient outcomes. AI can also help address systemic inequities in healthcare and reduce health disparities. For example, AI algorithms have the potential to better analyze medical data to understand and explain racial disparities in pain experienced by patients with osteoarthritis. In one study, a machine learning algorithm analyzed patients’ knee X-rays and found physical indicators that explained 43% of the racial disparity in pain, as opposed to standard tests that only explained 9% of the variance[1].
  2. Mental Health Care: AI can serve as an adjunct to traditional psychological treatment, making mental health care more accessible and personalized. AI-driven therapeutic chatbots, like Woebot, provide cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to users, addressing stress, relationship problems, and other concerns. These chatbots are available 24/7, can be customized to meet clients’ preferences, and help reduce the cost and stigma associated with mental health care[1].

Improved Education and Personalized Learning

AI will significantly improve education and learning hopefully also eliminating disparities and improving accessibility:

  1. Personalized learning: AI can help create customized learning experiences for each student by analyzing their learning styles, strengths, and weaknesses. This allows for a tailored educational approach that addresses individual needs and enhances the learning process.
  2. Adaptive assessment and feedback: AI can provide real-time feedback and adaptive assessments, allowing students to identify areas of improvement and teachers to address these issues more effectively. This leads to more efficient learning and continuous progress monitoring.
  3. Enhanced accessibility: AI-powered tools can help make education more accessible to a broader audience, including students with disabilities or those living in remote areas. These tools can offer features such as language translation, speech recognition, and personalized learning content, breaking down barriers and creating a more inclusive learning environment.
  4. Efficient administrative tasks: AI can automate and optimize administrative tasks, such as grading, scheduling, and enrollment, freeing up educators’ time and allowing them to focus on teaching and supporting students. This can lead to more effective use of resources and improved overall educational experiences.

Challenges and Concerns

While the advancement of AI will surely deliver some benefits to some aspects of our society, there are some important concerns and challenges:

  1. Job displacement: One of the most pressing concerns regarding AI’s impact on society is the potential for job displacement. As AI and automation technologies advance, they are increasingly capable of performing tasks that were once exclusively the domain of human workers. This shift could render many jobs obsolete, particularly those that involve routine and repetitive tasks, such as manufacturing, customer service, and administrative work. In the short term, this could lead to a surge in unemployment and income inequality, as well as social unrest. The challenge will be to ensure that individuals who lose their jobs are provided with the resources and opportunities to reskill and upskill, thereby enabling them to find new employment in a rapidly changing labor market.
  2. Privacy and surveillance: The rapid development of AI-powered surveillance and data analysis tools poses significant privacy concerns. Technologies such as facial recognition, social media monitoring, and location tracking have the potential to be used by governments and corporations to monitor citizens and customers in ways that infringe upon individual rights and freedoms. This increased surveillance can lead to a loss of privacy, feelings of constant monitoring, and a chilling effect on free speech and expression. Balancing the benefits of these technologies with the protection of privacy and individual rights will be a critical challenge for society in the coming years.
  3. Bias and discrimination: AI systems are often trained on large datasets that can contain biases, either from the data itself or from the way it was collected. These biases can then be perpetuated and amplified by AI algorithms, leading to unfair and discriminatory outcomes. For example, AI-powered hiring systems might discriminate against certain demographics, or facial recognition systems might have higher error rates for particular racial or ethnic groups. Addressing these issues requires ongoing efforts to identify and correct biases in AI systems, as well as increased transparency and oversight to ensure that AI is being used fairly and equitably.
  4. Security and malicious use: As AI technologies become more powerful and ubiquitous, they also become attractive targets for malicious actors. Cybersecurity threats, such as hacking and data breaches, are likely to become more sophisticated and difficult to defend against as AI is integrated into these systems. Additionally, the potential for AI to be used in the creation of deepfakes, disinformation campaigns, and autonomous weapons raises concerns about the potential for AI to be used for harmful purposes. Policymakers, researchers, and technology companies must collaborate to develop robust security measures and establish international norms to mitigate the risks of AI being used maliciously.
  5. Ethical and moral dilemmas: AI technologies can raise complex ethical and moral questions that society must grapple with in the coming years. For example, autonomous vehicles must be programmed to make life-or-death decisions in the event of an unavoidable accident, raising questions about who is responsible for those decisions and how they should be made. Similarly, AI systems that interact with humans, such as chatbots or virtual assistants, can potentially shape public opinion and behavior, raising concerns about the ethical implications of these interactions. As AI becomes more integrated into our lives, there will be a growing need for interdisciplinary collaboration among technologists, ethicists, policymakers, and other stakeholders to address these complex questions and ensure that AI is developed and deployed in ways that align with societal values and ethical principles.

Harnessing AI’s Potential: Navigating the Path Towards a Balanced Future

Artificial intelligence has the potential to revolutionize various aspects of society, from healthcare and education to transportation and finance. Over the next five years, we can expect to witness numerous benefits stemming from AI advancements, such as improved efficiency, decision-making, and productivity. However, alongside these benefits come significant challenges and concerns, including job displacement, privacy infringement, biased algorithms, cybersecurity threats, and ethical dilemmas. Addressing these issues necessitates interdisciplinary collaboration and proactive measures to strike a balance between innovation and ethical considerations. By doing so, we can work towards maximizing the positive societal impact of AI while minimizing its potential drawbacks. This will ensure that AI technologies are developed and deployed in ways that align with our values, promote equity and fairness, and contribute to the betterment of society as a whole.


[1] American Psychological Association. (2021). Artificial intelligence: The promise and peril.

[2] Harvard Gazette. (2020). Ethical concerns mount as AI takes bigger decision-making role.

[3] McKinsey & Company. (2021). Notes from the AI frontier: Modeling the impact of AI on the world economy.

[4] Pew Research Center. (2018). Artificial intelligence and the future of humans.

[5] Forbes. (2021). How AI will impact the future of work and life.

[6] Science. (2023). The impact of artificial intelligence on clinical trial recruitment.